per person from USD 1650
5 - Based on 1 Reviews
USD 1,650 /pp
|March - May & September - Early December
|14 Days, 13 Nights
|Hotel in City & lodge in trekking
|Private Jeep Kathmandu to Sotikhola and back to Kathmandu
|All Meals (Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner) during the trek
|Activity Per Day:
|Approx. 4-6 hrs walking
|Nature Of Trek:
|Tea House (lodge) Trekking
|2 - 20 person
- Explore the hidden Tsum valley.
- Less explored and comparatively quiet and less crowded Tsum Valley.
- The friendly and warm hospitality of the indigenous Tsumba community.
- Insight into Traditional Tibetan Buddist Culture and lifestyle.
- Witness the spectacular views of Ganesh Himal, Himal Chuli, Sringi Himal, Boudha Himal, and Manaslu.
- Several Buddhist monasteries, mani walls, stupas, meditational caves like Milarepa’s Cave, and praying flags along the route.
- Participate in prayer ceremonies in various monasteries to purify your spirit and mind.
- Cascading waterfalls, raging rivers, streams, lush forests, and several suspension bridges.
- Possibility of encountering wildlife like Blue sheep, Himalayan Tahr, and Snow Leopard.
- Suitable trek for any age group.
Tsum Valley Trek is a remote and hidden valley in the Central Himalayan, Manaslu region of Nepal with a blend of natural scenic and cultural experiences. It can be reached off the Manaslu Circuit trail and can be done as an add-on to the Manaslu Circuit Trek or as a two-week trek in itself. This fascinating valley trek mostly follows the Manaslu trekking route. Tsum Valley is a stunning grassland region with traditional Tibetan-style habitations, Tibetan art and culture, and a mountain lifestyle. In fact, the valley was badly hit by the 2015 earthquake but lodges and monasteries have to rebuild.
Tsum Valley is located along the Tibet border in the northern part of the Gorkha district. Buddha Himal and Himal Chuli on the west, Ganesh Himal on the south, and Sringi Himal on the north, all encircle the area. It is one of the hidden paradises and far-flung areas on the earth.
There was a restriction for visitors to the Tsum Valley Trek until 2008. As a result, it still remains mostly untouched and unpolluted by modern civilization. With ancient villages and Tibetan Buddhist monasteries that give you the experience of heavenly exploration. Also, the trail is less traveled and less crowded. You may appreciate the peace and tranquility to find yourself in a secluded and secret valley. The ancient Rachen and Mu Gompas are the most famous and must-visit in this valley.Read Less
Trip Itineraries are customizable according to your choice & the number of days you want to stay. Simply, Contact Us
When you first arrive in Kathmandu, it will strike you with a storm of sounds, smells, and shades where nothing is as it seems, no matter what you’ve accomplished or how many places you’ve visited.
Assuring your arrival, a representative from our office will greet you at Tribhuwan International Airport and drive you to a hotel in Thamel. Upon arrival at the hotel, you will receive a briefing on how to prepare for the trek the following days and the rooms will be allocated.
Thamel provides a variety of activities and places of interest. If you arrive early, after refueling, you can visit our office nearby to meet our team, stroll through the Thamel neighborhood’s busy, winding streets, and eat your first meal at one of the many restaurants serving a variety of cuisines while listening to live music.
On your second day, you can go sightseeing to some of the famous religious and historical sites of Kathmandu. (Follow the link for more information on sightseeing sites-in-Kathmandu). After exploring this city of temples, you will meet your trekking guide at the hotel. You will be briefed in detail about the trekking adventure. The guide will also assist you with any last-minute shopping that you require for the trek.
Have a well-rested night at Kathmandu before heading off to the mountains.
(You can dump the stuff you do not want during the trek at the hotel or our office store.)
The journey to Machhkhola via Machhakhola on the Prithvi Highway, which follows the Trishuli River, is 160 km (99 miles) from Kathmandu where the trek begins. The local bus takes 8 to 9 hours longer than the private jeep, which takes about 7 hours.
You can see traditional villages, green terraced fields, rivers, waterfalls, lush forests, and hillsides while riding, as well as views of southern mountains like Annapurna, Manaslu, Ganesh Himal, and the Langtang Himal. While traveling, we pause for lunch. The journey then continues through Sotikhola, Khursang Village, Lububesi Gurung Village, and finally, we arrive at Machhakhola.
We will begin our trek across the bank of the Budi Gandaki River toward Jagat after an early breakfast at Machhakhola. We will travel through subtropical forests, experience some ups and downs, and cross the Thuro and Machha Khola on a suspension bridge before arriving at Tatopani, a hot spring that is the ideal location for a break and to relax your tense body with warm showers. In order to get to Doban, we keep going and cross the suspension bridge over the Budi Gandaki River.
After navigating a second suspension bridge over the Yaru Khola, we will ascend a stone stairway, descend to the river, and then ascend yet another flight of stone steps to get to Thado Bharyang, which is located beneath Jagat. After that, we cross a river to get to Jagat, a settlement with Tibetan influences, and the entrance to the Manaslu Conservation Area.
Following Jagat, we make our way down and across the suspension bridge that spans the Dudh Pokhari River. We will travel past some wonderful waterfalls and catch a glimpse of the breathtaking Shringi Himal Range along the way. After that, we hike through the communities of Salleri and Sirdibas. When we finally reach the Budi Gandaki River’s banks and cross the bridge, the valley opens up toward the larger village of Philim. We will have our permits checked at the Philim checkpoint before entering Tsum valley.
As we pass Ekle Bhatti, the trail splits; one leads to Tsum, and the other to Manaslu. We follow the path that leads to Tsum Valley in the direction of Lokpa Village, which is located at the confluence of the Budi Gandaki and Siyar Khola. Lokpa is the first village in Tsum Valley that is still isolated from the rest of the world. The village provides mountain views of the Manaslu range, including Boudha Himal and Himal Chuli. Guru Padmashamva (the founder of Tibetan Buddhism) is said to have bestowed his blessing on this remote village centuries ago.
We begin our journey from Lokpa in the direction of Chumling village, also known as lower Tsum. Today, we will hike along the south bank of the Siyar Khola, passing through rhododendron, juniper, and pine forests. We get stunning views of Boudha Himal (6,672m) and Ganesh Himal (7,422m) along the way.
The trail then descends to the valley, crossing the Lungwa River and Sarli Khola bridges. After crossing another bridge over the Diyar Khola to the north bank, we begin climbing up to the village of Chumling. When we arrive in Chumling, we will be greeted by Tibetan Buddhist communities, stone-paved streets, and traditional houses. At Chumling, you can visit the three main monasteries, Panago Gumba, Mani Dhungyur, and Gurwa Gumba.
Our destination today is Chhokangparo, which is about a three-hour push from Chumling and is situated in the upper Tsum valley, an area of the inner Himalayas. We will start our journey by walking alongside the Syar River before descending to the Domje.
From Domje, we cross the river and ascend to the villages of Gho and Chaurikharka before arriving at Chhokangparo. On clear days, Chhokangparo offers breathtaking views of Ganesh Himal and Himalchuli. At Chhokangparo, visitors can savor Tibetan tea (butter tea), regional cuisine, and the friendliness of the locals. The inhabitants are Tsombo members, a group of Tibetans.
Today we will be walking comparatively a shorter distance to reach Nile. A 20 minutes walk across the Shiyar Khola from Chhule will lead to Nile, the last village in the north upper Tsum valley.
Walking by a leisurely flat trail along the northern bank of Shiyar Khola and passing some remote villages on the trails, we reach Lamagaon. On the way, we will visit the Milerapa Phiren Phu Cave, also known as Pigeon Cave, located at the foot of the rugged hill near the village of Burji. Milarepa cave is the sacred cave of Tsum valley where the Tibetan Buddhist master Milarepa is said to have meditated here, which contains his footprints.
Then the trail takes you through the narrow valleys of fertile land with farmers working on greeting you with a friendly smile, pastures, a few villages with monasteries, and a notable circular stupa to the larger village of Chule. Entering through an amazing entry gate from Chule, we climb the Nile village where we stay for the night.
From the village of Nile, about 3 hours of walk will take you to Mu Gumba, the largest monastery in this region. It is the highest point and last habitat place of the Tsum Valley Trek. After the 2-hour hike form Nile through some yak pastures and alpine dry terrains, we arrive at Dephyudonma Gumba, the oldest monastery of the Tsum valley.
It is time to head back from Mu Gompa to Rachen Gompa. We retrace our steps back through the Chule village and descend to Phurbe. Further, walking through the east bank of the Shiyar River through the plains of boulders, we arrive at Rachen Gompa. Established in 1905, Rachen Gompa is one of the largest nunneries in the Tsum valley and houses the Ngak-pa nuns.
Today, we set out on foot in the direction of Domje through the dense forest of pine and rhododendron forests. Then traversing through the stone mani walls with praying flags and some uphill along the trail, we arrive at Gumba Lungdang at an elevation of 3200 meters. Get insight into an intense puja and get some blessings at the gompa. You can witness the amazing mountain vistas around the gompa.
Today, you will get excited and make the best memories of your lifetime. Today, we go for a trip to the base camp of Ganesh Himal (4900m). Walking for 4- hours through the smaller valleys, we reach Ganesh Himal Base Camp. After enjoying the mind-blowing vistas of mountains, glaciers, and gorges from the base camp, we head back to Gumba Lungdag.
We return to Lokpa today. The trail from Gumba Lungdang descends its way to Domje. Then, following the Shiar River, you walk towards Ripchet. You will also walk through a lush narrow gorge on the way. We descend the stairs to Bhatti Ghumlong, which we had passed through a few days before. We’ll reach Lokpa by climbing up through a pine forest.
Today we descend to Dovan at an elevation of 1070m. Today’s hike will be pleasant and easy for your legs. The trail passes through the beautiful views of the surrounding mountains, lush forests, several suspension bridges, and typical villages like Sirdibas and Jagat, finally reaching Dovan at the confluence of the Shiyar River.
Today is the last day on the trekking trails. You will walk your way back to Machhakhola from where you started the walk. Passing beautiful waterfalls, you reach Sotikhola and continue toward today’s destination. You will stay the night at 930 m. above the sea level at Machhakhola.
We bid farewell to the trails and the adventurous trek this morning. We will return to Kathmandu after an early morning breakfast. The journey will be scenic as the bus travels alongside the beautiful Trishuli River via the Prithivi Highway. The greenery of the hills will also be pleasing to the eye.
Upon arrival at Kathmandu, you will be check-in at the previous hotel at Thamel. You are free to spend your time in Kathmandu as per your choice. You may stroll for beverages to get chilled after a long trek and explore the lively turning streets of Thamel for souvenir shopping.
Your trek package comes to an end in Kathmandu. You will say goodbye to the mountains and depart with beautiful memories and experiences. Our team will wish you farewell and transport you to the International Airport at least 2 hours before your flight schedule.
Trekkers’ Paradise hopes to take you on another exciting trek in Nepal. If you want to return to Nepal for yet another tour or trek, get in touch with us to schedule the greatest adventures in a prompt and easiest way.
- All necessary airport arrival departure as per the itinerary.
- 3-night hotel accommodation in Kathmandu on a twin-sharing basis on BB plan.
- Kathmandu Sightseeing by professional English-speaking tour guide.
- Private transportation for sightseeing in Kathmandu
- Private 4wd Jeep from Kathmandu to Machhakhola for member & staffs
- 3 meals a day during the trekking (Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner) as mention in the itinerary.
- Tea, or coffee during the trek.
- 13 nights at best available nice room in twin sharing basis
- Professional government license holder English speaking trekking guide and his salary.
- The required number of porters to carry the luggage during the trek (We assign one porter for every two guests).
- Coverage of Guides and Porters, Their meals, insurance, transportation, flight, and other necessary equipment.
- Special Restricted Area Permit for Manaslu (Manaslu RAP)
- Manaslu Conservation Area Project (MCAP Permit)
- Private return 4wd Jeep from Machhakhola to Kathmandu for member & staffs
- Welcome/ Farewell dinner
- A comprehensive medical kit.
- All government and local taxes.
- Trekkers Paradise’s appreciation of certificate after the successful trek.
- International airfare to/ from Nepal.
- Nepal Entry Visa Fees for multiple Entries on arrival at Tribhuwan Internationa Airport- (15 days – $25-30, 30 days- $40-50 and 90 days- $100-110)
- Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu
- Insurance covers, medical, emergency evacuation, loss, etc.
- Personal expense (shopping, snacks, boil bottle water, hot and cold drinks, hot shower, Alcohol, Wi-Fi, telephone call, battery re-charge fee), extra porters, etc
- Hot shower during the trekking.
- Extra night accommodation in Kathmandu because of early arrival, late departure, and early return from the mountain (due to any reason) than the scheduled itinerary.
- Additional costs or delays caused by out of management control, for example, landslide, weather condition, itinerary modification due to safety concerns, illness, change of government policies, strikes, etc.
- Tips and gratitude provided to staff.
Roman Charles New York, United States
Once in a lifetime Manaslu Circuit with Tsum Valley Trek
The Manaslu Circuit Trek is a fantastic adventure that I had the pleasure of experiencing with my family. This trek offers a unique opportunity to explore the remote regions of Nepal and witness the raw beauty of the Himalayas. Our journey began in Kathmandu, where we were met by our experienced guide and company owner.
One of the highlights of the trek was the breathtaking view of Mount Manaslu, the eighth highest mountain in the world. The majestic peak towered above us as we made our way through the rugged terrain. Our trek offer exposure to ancient Tibetan buddhism, well preserved monasteries, view of Manaslu and Birendra Lake. We also had the opportunity to explore local villages and interact with the friendly locals, who welcomed us with open arms in Tsum Valley.
Overall, the Manaslu Circuit Trek with Trekkers Paradise was an unforgettable experience that we will cherish for years to come. It was an opportunity to disconnect from the hustle and bustle of modern life and immerse ourselves in the raw beauty of nature. I highly recommend this trek for families looking for an adventure of a lifetime.
The best physical condition is required to trek in Nepal’s high altitude. Without some pre-trek training or a good level of basic fitness, it can be hard. We suggest running, walking, hiking on the hill, and climbing stairs rather than elevators to prepare for the trek. Include swimming, rowing, and biking in your daily base training.
Basic further experience and strength required for Trekking
- One should be able to hike for 5-6 hours a day.
- One should be able to carry 6 kg themselves in a backpack for preparation.
- We suggest you run about 3/4 miles in the home for the preparation with some load on your back for 1 to 2 months to make your climbing much easier. Or use the treadmill for everyday running and walking.
- If you have an uphill location/mountain then once a week you should go hiking with a loaded bag pack on your back. If you do not have mountains and high hills then use stairs to go up/down than the elevator.
- Regular swimming, biking, and rowing are also good ways to maintain your physical strength.
- Fuel your body well with small but frequent healthy foods and drink plenty of water.
- Go through a trek grading and know what type of trekking is suitable for you. The treks are graded as easy, moderate, hard, and challenging treks.
- Go after what you want and what your physical capabilities will allow you to. Do not push too hard yourself. Trekking is not a competition. It is relaxing and rewarding.
- Walk at a pace you are most comfortable with. An assistant guide will be always walking at the back of the group so you don’t have to rush to catch up with the faster walkers at the front.
- Using trekking poles reduces the body and backpack’s weight on the legs and makes walking more easier on inclines.
- Invest in the comfortable full trekking boot with ankle support and a sturdy Vibram sole that suit your foot to avoid blisters.
Will someone come after my arrival to pick me up at the airport?
Yes, the Trekkers Paradise representative will be there to greet you outside of Terminal Hall. He will be displaying Trekkers Paradise name card with your name on it. You will be moved to the pre-select Hotel after that.
Do I need a visa to travel to Nepal?
All foreign nationals, except Indian Citizens, need visas to enter Nepal.
What is the cost of the visa application process and Visa? Should we apply for a visa from our home country or will we get it at Nepalese Airport? Which documents are important that I should bring with me?
After landing, you can obtain a visa at Tribhuwan International Airport, furthermore, it will be easier if you are filling up the visa form online (http://online.nepalimmigration.gov.np/tourist-visa) before taking the flight to Nepal. Entry Visa fees- at present are $ 30 for 15 days, $ 50 for 30 days, and $ 125 for a three-month visa on entry to Nepal.
You should bring the following essential documents on the trip:
- Valid Passport: must be valid for up to 6 months.
- Travel insurance: you need to provide a copy of the insurance paper to Trekkers Paradise before you start the trek.
- Flight Tickets.
- Emergency contact numbers for T/C’s bank, insurance, family contacts.
When is the best time to travel to Nepal?
The weather is probably the best guide for deciding when to plan your trip to Nepal. The best time to visit Nepal is between September to November and March to May.
Are there porters or yaks carrying the luggage or are we supposed to be carrying it alone?
Our porters, who are honest and experienced, will look after your luggage while on the trek. All you need to carry is your small day bag for your personal belongings like a camera, water bottle, sun cream, money, etc. Normally, we assign one porter to carry the luggage of two trekkers.
What type of Permit do I need for the Tsum Valley Trek?
- Special Restricted Area Permit for Manaslu (Manaslu RAP)
- Manaslu Conservation Area Project (MCAP Permit)
- TIMS Permit
How long does it take to trek Tsum Valley Trek?
The trek can be completed within 10 to 14 days however the length of the trek depends on the weather, the trekker’s ability to walk, how long they take to acclimatize, whether they want to take side trips to famous places nearby like Manaslu Circuit Trek, Annapurna Circuit Trek.
Is Tsum Valley safe to trek?
The only potential hazard during the trek is the possibility of altitude sickness to reduce the chances of it we suggest a single day for acclimatization. You will also be guided by an experienced trekking guide and assisted by local porters, who are there to take care of you during your trek.
What are the facilities available in case of emergencies during the trek?
In case you suffer from altitude sickness or any other problems, we will offer you the doctor’s prescribed medicines according to the type of problem facing you. We will descend you and incise of extreme cases, you will get rescued by the helicopter.
Is Tsum Valley Trek difficult?
This trek is a medium to difficult trek. The physical condition of the trekker has a lot to do with the Tsum Valley Trek medium. This trek is one of the medium treks in Nepal that takes you through the remote villages of the Himalayan region of Manaslu & Chhekemparo.
Can I add extra days to my Trekking Trip?
Yes, it is absolutely possible to add some more days to the trip. Along your trek, we can add days at your request with additional costs to cover guides, porters, accommodation, and food.
What are some basic Nepali customs that I should know about?
- Take off your shoes before entering a temple or one’s home
- Ask for permission before entering a Hindu temple
- Taking photographs inside most temples are considered illegal
- Ask for permission before taking photographs of objects, and including Nepali people.
- Nepali people are friendly by nature. Have a genuine interest in them. Talk to them. Be friendly as you travel
Are Trekkers Paradise’s staff insured?
Yes, all the staff of Trekkers Paradise including guides and porters are insured to recover any kinds of casualties.
Safety and Health Precaution during the trek
Aside from geographical protection, Trekkers Paradise has taken safety in following things to make travel as safe as possible making the most out of it without any worry!
- Our guides have received extensive wilderness first-aid training.
- Trek leaders and guides have years of trekking experience and can help you if there is any kind of uneasiness and assure happiness & satisfaction are guaranteed.
- We’ll have High-quality masks & Gloves with sanitizers for everyday use throughout the journey for the Trekkers Paradise team assisting you.
- Encouragement and inspiration can be a regular occurrence.
- Food and accommodation in the mountains would be rechecked for additional hygiene.
The meals during the trek
Our trek takes us to high altitudes near the world’s highest point, which means your body will need enough starch, protein, and nutrition, as food is the body’s fuel for hiking on such massive Himalayan trails.
All the meals including breakfasts, lunch, and dinner are served during your stay in Kathmandu and the trekking journey. Usually, breakfast and dinner are served at the same hotel where we stay overnight and lunch is served en route to our destination during the trek.
The services are basic, with some of the popular western, Asian, or Nepalese menus being the most popular and consumed. The most popular and common menu items include the Dal-Bhat set, which consists of rice, lentils, and vegetables, as well as meat, rice, and noodle items, spaghetti, pasta, momo(dumplings), Tibetan bread, chapatti, local tsampa porridge, potatoes, sandwiches, macaroni dishes, pizza, Sherpa stew, steaks, vegetable curry and so forth. The Dessert Items (Rice Pudding, Apple pie), Hard Drinks Steaks, etc.) are available on the menu as well during the trek.
However, you cannot compare them with the choices available in large cities. Usually, local agricultural products are used to prepare meals. Other ingredients are purchased from the market if they cannot grow at a particular elevation.
Breakfast and dinner orders are taken in advance to save time; breakfast orders are taken the night before and dinner orders are taken as soon as you arrive at the teahouse. Depending on your schedule for the day, your typical day will begin. Breakfast is served in your lodge each morning, after which you leave for the next stop. A guide will notify the next tea house or lodge of your arrival each day. Around noon, you’ll stop for lunch at any nearby lodge on the way. You will arrive at your destination shortly after lunch. You can unwind or explore the nearby attractions when you arrive. You will dine around 7 to 8 pm.
At high altitudes, we strongly advise drinking hot liquid drinks in addition to fresh vegetable foods and fruit drinks. Drink plenty of water, not all a once but regularly on a time intervals.
It is best to avoid smoking cigarettes, consuming alcohol, non-vegetarian foods like meat, caffeine-containing foods, hot chocolate, and dairy and cheese products on high-altitude treks. These things increase the chances of getting altitude sickness and diarrhea.
Accommodation during the trek
14 days Tsum valley trek includes thirteen nights’ lodge-to-lodge stay at a mountain and four nights in a Kathmandu hotel, where we use the best available lodge and select the best accommodation in the Gurkha region. We provide five nights of rooms with attached bathrooms at Machhakhola, Jagat, and Lokpa, and six nights of available best rooms at Chumling, Chhokangparo, Nile, Mu Gumba, Rachen Gumba, Gumba Lungdang (Generally twin Sharing rooms).
You can find some teahouses and lodges with good services on the trekking routes during your trekking days. But as you ascend higher they become more basic. Rooms are basic, almost every room consisting twin-bedded with two beds with a mattress, a pillow, and blankets. You can share a room with a fellow trekker with whom you feel at ease.
Although, each lodge has its own set of standards, please do not anticipate luxurious accommodations, particularly in the mountains. Most teahouses offer hot showers, boiled drinking water, extra blankets, charging stations, and WIFI for an additional fee. The price of teahouses is determined by the location and the facilities/services they offered.
Four nights of Hotels in Kathmandu before and after the trek is required which is included in the package.
Passport and Visa
All foreigners except Indian nationals must have a valid visa to enter Nepal. Visa is available on arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport upon entry in Kathmandu, Nepal, and at Nepal borders of India and Tibet. Visa can be easily extended to the central immigration office. www.immigration.gov.np Visa application requires a passport with at least 6 months until expiration and one passport-size photo.
The current cost of a visa for 15 Days – is 30 USD, 30 Days – is 50 USD, and 90 Days – is 125 (to be paid in cash) Other currencies are also accepted although rates may differ. Other nationalities should check entry requirements. Visitors are requested to specify return flight tickets, and the time intended to stay in Nepal.
Visa Extension Fee: Tourist visa extension is done for a minimum of 15 days with USD 45 and USD 3 per day for additional days. In the case of a delay of fewer than 150 days additional USD 5 per day as of late fine.
Tipping is not included in the salaries of your guides, porters, or crew, but it is greatly appreciated. In Nepalese culture, tips is the accepted and a lovely way of saying thank you (“Dhanyabada”) for good service. Normally the tips are offered at the end of the trek and this is best done as a group. Most groups will give the trips on the last day of the trek.
Booking and Payment Process
Trekkers Paradise is a government authorized, registered, licensed, and bonded trekking and touring operator in Nepal. The company registered number is 221608/076/0677. We are members of the Trekking Agency Association of Nepal (TAAN), the Nepal Mountaineering Association (NMA). Therefore, book the Trekkers Paradise trip with confidence as we are reliable.10 percent of payment in advance and other necessary documentation like passport copy, passport size photos, travel insurance policy, arrival, and departure flight details can be made later but must not exceed within two weeks’ period from the booking date. Payment is to be made by bank transfer, western union. The remaining trip cost can be paid whether in cash or by bank transfer when you arrive in Nepal. Furthermore, we put forward the necessary modes of payment details at your convenience by mail.
Safe Drinking Water
The availability of drinking water is not an issue. Bottled mineral water is available in most places for purchase, but there is no provision to dispose of plastic bottles. We encourage guests to do what they can to protect the environment. We do not recommend purchasing single-use plastic bottles. You can buy or bring your own Nalgene bottles on the trek which makes the trail free from bottles and rubbish.
Filling your water bottles in tea houses is another option for getting drinking water. Several guesthouses have the Euro-guard filters water. Boiled filter water is also available in tea houses that are completely safe to drink but may be inexpensive for the duration of the trek.
River water is generally full of glaciers and sand and may be contaminated with animal urine and toilet run-off, so do not drink it. The tap water in the lodges is piped from high up, away from rivers and clean glaciers, so it is better, but it still must be treated.
Use iodine drops (3 per liter) locally known as Lugols solution, available at Thamel supermarkets in Kathmandu. The chlorine-based tablets are another choice, but they do transmit a taste to the water. Alternatively, you could purchase a Steripen, which uses UV to kill the bacteria but a bit fragile to carry during the trek.
The best option is the water purification tablet Aquaprove, which uses cutting-edge technology. Most importantly, it works against all pathogens in impure water. It’s light, simple to use, has no taste, and is all-natural.
Waste Management during the trek
Leave No Traces, Only the Footprints! Pack out your own waste. We practice responsible eco-tourism and organize eco-friendly trips to support sustainable tourism.
The trekking trail in Nepal has suffered significant damage as a result of not having a strong policy of waste management. Act and travel responsibly. We prefer that all of our clients bring their trash and keep them in a container or bag, and dispose of it properly at a specific spot or dustbin.
How to avoid acute mountain sickness?
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is the most deadly risk of trekking. Anyone can get a victim of this sickness when their body is exposed to a higher elevation in a short period of time and the body is unable to adapt to the changing atmospheric pressures. As you ascend higher, the oxygen and air pressure decrease. Our bodies are capable of handling the change, but they require time to gradually adapt. If it is not treated in time, it can be severe and result in death. You can take a few preventative measures to avoid it.
- Not to climb too high too fast.
- Climb slowly and attain the height gradually.
- Take it easy and climb at your own comfortable pace.
- Reduce your walking hours as you reach 2000 meters and walk slowly.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Get plenty of rest. If you feel like your body needs more rest, get it.
- Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking.
- Meditation and warm-up exercise each day before starting the trek.
- Allow an acclimatization day for every 1000m of elevation gain.
There are two more serious but less common severe forms of altitude sickness. Both have the potential to be fatal. You must descend immediately to receive medical care.
High-altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) causes the lungs to swell with excess fluid, which makes breathing difficult even when at rest. You experience extreme exhaustion, weakness, and perhaps a sense of suffocation. A dry cough, nose breathing, shortness of breath, fever, chest tightness, rapid heart rates, congestion, swelling, and fainting are the symptoms of HAPE. If HAPE is not promptly treated by lowering the altitude or using oxygen, it can be fatal.
High-altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) is characterized by an accumulation of fluid on the brain that results in swelling. Confusion, poor coordination, and possibly violent behavior could occur. Hallucinations, loss of consciousness, fever and fatigue, photophobia, hypertension, coma, shortness of breath, and inability to walk are some more symptoms of HACE. HACE can result in death if it is not treated immediately.
The early signs of altitude sickness can be relieved by immediately descending. However, if you are experiencing severe acute mountain sickness symptoms, you should see a doctor.
The drug acetazolamide can ease heavy breathing and lessen the effects of altitude sickness. You may also be given the steroid Dexamethasone. But you are never recommended to take such drugs as far as possible until the situation is harsh.
Book the dates for your next adventure
All our programs serve as just one example of what is possible. Trekkers’ Paradise, with years of experience in organising tailor-made tours, invites you to contact us to create your personalised dream program.